Alcalá de Henares (Madrid). World Heritage City
Alcalá de Henares is in the region of Madrid (the 3rd most populated city in Madrid), situated by the Henares river, is a cultural and turistic referente in Spain.
Alcalá de Henares means “Castle on the Henares river” and was founded in the celtiberian period, it was with the romans when it was first considered as a city, romans call Alcala Complutum.
Alcalá was declared World Heritage city by Unesco in 1998, is one of the nine Heritage cities in Spain considered “uniques” by Unesco. The slogan of the city is “City of knowledge”.
Alcalá has a rich and varied architectural and cultural patrimony:
• The University: built and founded by Cardinal Cisneros in the XVth Century.
• The Cathedral: Cisteneros ordered its construction on the place were Saints Pastor and Justo had been martyred.
• San Bernardo Covent: closed order that still exists.
• Puerta de Madrid.
• Oratorio de San Felipe Neri.
• Antezana Hospital.
• Museum-House, of the universal writer Miguel de Cervantes (1547), the author of the master book Don Quijote de la Mancha.
• Remains of the churches Santa María la Mayor and Capilla del Oidor.
• Casa de la Entrevista: house where the spanish queen Isabel la Católica met Cristobal Colón.
• Medieval walls.
Alcalá was one of the finalist candidates cities to be the “European Capital of Culture in 2016”, finally won by other beautiful spanish city: “San Sebastián”. It might be some other time….
The archeological sites of Alcalá, gives an idea of the medieval environment shared by three different cultures: musulmams, christians and jewish.
The situation of the city, just 31 km away from the heart of Madrid, together with the great communications (train, bus, highway) will be a great base for visiting the capital of Spain.
- Accommodation related to this topic: Lofts Complutense